Everything you need to know about Cappuccino

Alexandra Istrate

Everything you need to know about Cappuccino
What is a cappuccino? Cappuccino is an espresso based beverage similar to the Latte but with a stronger espresso flavor, typically composed of a single espresso shot, hot milk and the surface topped with foamed milk. However in some parts of the world, like Austria, Prague, Budapest and other parts of the former Austrian empire cappuccinos are still made more like Vinnese Kapuziners topped with whipped cream and other additives.

3 Things to Know about Viennese Roast

1. Characterized by a dark roasting

Viennese roasts are those dropped in the early moments of the second crack when oil has just begun to migrate to bean surfaces.

While the primary cause of the first crack is the buildup of steam pressure, the accumulation of CO2 is the main reason why the second crack occurs. Just before or after the onset of a second crack, oils appear on the surface of coffee beans - almost all roasters would regard this as an objective indicator of a dark roast. At this point, they are usually a darker color compared to full city roasts for example, and a bit shinier from the release of oils.

2. Bittersweet aroma

In the cup: besides the bittersweet aroma, the coffee embraces a caramelly, pungent, and often nutty or spicy taste - characterized by a heavy, syrupy body.

3. The standard roast degree offered by Starbucks

Have you ever wondered what roasting degree is used for the famous Starbucks coffee?

Well, the answer is Viennese. This roasting level is seen as the “crowd-pleaser”, along with full city roast.

Critics contend that a lighter roast highlights a bean’s uniqueness, while a full city or darker roast blunts too much of a coffee’s acidity and delicacy. But when it comes to coffee, it's all about personal tastes and preferences.

To make the right decision when choosing your coffee according to its degree of roasting, we have added to this list another important thing to know about Viennese roasting.

4.* Loss of aroma

Roasted beans gradually lose aroma during storage through outgassing. Darker roasts, with their weaker and more porous cellulose structures, lose aromatics more quickly than lighter roasts do.

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Don't know what kind of roasting suits you?

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The origins of the cappuccino

‘Cappuccino’ comes from Latin “Caputium”,which is the diminutive form of the word “cappuccio” meaning hood.

Most people think that the  birthplace of Cappuccino was Italy. Although it may be invented by an Italian, it was probably invented in Vienna in 1700s, where the name “Kapuziner ” first popped up in Viennese coffee shops.

Cappuccino History

Shortly after the popularization of the Espresso machine, the Cappuccino was reinvented by Italians. One of the first records of a cappuccino has been found to be in 1930. After The World War II the cappuccino making gained some improvements and simplifications in Italy as the espresso machines were better and widely available. This is when the modern cappuccino was born.

Cappuccinos were first popularized in Europe and England. In England, cappuccino was the first form of espresso that was popularized because people there were accustomed to drinking coffee with milk at the time, but the distinct texture set it apart from the regular coffee with milk.

In America,  the cappuccino was spread in the 1980s thanks to the marketing of the coffee shops. In recent years some European cappuccino customs have changed. Most notably some Europeans began to drink cappuccino throughout the entire day rather than only in the mornings.

Now that you know everything about the cappuccino, it’s time to start making it yourself! If you own an espresso machine, you can easily begin brewing a cappuccino in the comfort of your own home.

24 JANUARY 2021, Alexandra Istrate


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